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Compost

Composting is easy with Ag1000®. Simply add 2 gallons Ag1000® per ton waste. Add water to reach the desired moisture content. Follow standard composting procedures with turning and monitoring temperatures.

The video on the right is of a visit with the City of Redding, California's Denis Carvalho. The City of Redding, under Denis' direction, was composting all of their green waste with
Effective Microorganisms® from 1997 until his retirement in 2009. The initial reason for using Effective Microorganisms (EM) was for odor control. Denis quickly learned through experience that the use of EM increased the speed of processing, allowing the facility to turn over the area much faster and recycle much more wastes than they had previously.


Traditional composting follows certain guidelines, requiring temperatures to go up to 140-160ºF with lots of aeration. The materials are most commonly turned using a turner. A turner looks like an above-ground roto tiller. The turner not only allows for air to get into the materials, but also breaks up the chunks of material. Some turners are equipped with sprayers that allow for inoculation with water or enzymes or bacteria. The video on the left shows an operation in Deming, New Mexico using a turner from Mid-West Biosystems (an awesome machine by the way!). The piles in this video are turned when temperatures reach 145ºF. On average the piles are turned about 17 or 18 times over the course of 35-40 days. Using
Ag1000® in the process allows for avoiding the lengthy maturing process which can add an addition 90-120 days before land application. Growers love this because they plant the same day they spread the compost without worrying about burning the plants!

Back in 2006 a trial was set up to examine the benefits of Effective Microorganisms
® on a commercial aerobic windrow of green waste compost at a compost facility in Northern California. This facility uses a method of composting that requires a tremendous amount of turning. The finished compost is both consistent and high quality.

Lab analysis provided results that suggest the compost treated with EM was significantly more mature and stable than the control at the end of the testing period. The compost treated with EM had a Carbon to Nitrogen (C:N) ratio of 15:1. The C:N ratio for the untreated compost (control) was 18:1. Furthermore, the compost treated with the EM contained 5 times more nitrate than the control. The NO2: NH3 ratio for the compost treated with EM was 16:1 compared to 3:1 for the control. The compost treated with EM more intensely cycled carbon to nitrogen and more efficiently converted organic nitrogen into nitrate. Microbial analysis confirmed and quantified the visible increase in microbial activity. The heterotrophic, actinomycetes, and pseudomonad groups had significantly greater populations in the treated compost. The microbial diversity index for the treated compost was also greater than the control.

BBC Labs Microbial Analysis Report Summary:
Heterotrophic Group
EM
Control
120 Million
36 Million
Actinomycetes Group
EM
Control
16 Million
2 Million
Pseudomonad Group
EM
Control
6.5 Million
0.45 Million
Anaerobic Group
EM
Control
9.4 Million
13 Million

Today, there are several commercial facilities using Effective Microorganisms® in the US. Most are composting green wastes and/or manures.

Call TeraGanix for Availability and Pricing of Ag1000®: 866.369.3678.