You are here: Home > More Info > Research Papers > Agriculture > Soils- Effects, interactions with other organisms, amendments > EM and VAM Technology in Pakistan V: Response of chickpea (cicer arietinum L.) to co-inoculation with Effective Microorganisms (EM) and VA Mycorrhiza Under Allelopathic Stress
©1999.  Pakistan Journal of Botany.  31(2): 387-396, 1999.

EM and VAM Technology in Pakistan V:  Response of chickpea (cicer arietinum L.) to co-inoculation with Effective Microorganisms (EM) and VA Mycorrhiza Under Allelopathic Stress
Rukhsana Bajwa, Arshad Javaid and Bushra Haneef
Department of Botany
University of the Punjab
Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan.


Abstract
A pot experiment was conducted to study the tolerance induced by vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (VAM) and effective Microorganisms (EM) in chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.) against allelopathic stress caused by aqueous leaf extract of Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels.  The adverse impact due to aqueous leaf extract on plant vegetative and reproductive growth and shoot nitrogen contenct was significantly reduced by the application of EM and VAM.  Co-inouclation of EM and VAM was found more effective that inoculation with either alone.  However, reduction in shoot phosphorus content due to allelopathic stress could only be compensated by VAM inoculation alone.  VAM colonization was stimulated by EM application.

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