A day after the tsunami struck the coastal areas of southern
the manufacturer of Effective Microorganisms™ in Thailand,
EM Kyusei gathered to discuss the
possible ways to provide help to the affected areas. On the same day,
Dec. 29th, Lt. Gen. Chinnarat of the Thai Royal Army (retired), advisor
to the Science and Technology Committee of the Parliament and strong
advocate for Effective Microorganisms®, contacted Mr. Kazuhiko Wakugami
telling that the
military has been requested by the Chairperson of the Thai Red Cross to
use Effective Microorganisms™ in the affected areas.
Henceforth, on the same day, 2 tons of EM•1® was airlifted using the
Royal Air force plane to the affected area in Phang Nga Province, one of
the hardest struck areas. They sprayed EM
dilution at the temple, where
dead bodies are placed temporarily for identification. There were more
that 1,000 dead bodies at thetemple and Thai military is collecting
the dead bodies from the disaster struck areas. They made activated EM (AEM) there and sprayed AEM every day at a dilution of 100, using, among other things, a 10 ton fire truck lorry and shoulder pack sprayers. There was a general comment among doctors,
military people, and other volunteers that a 50% smell reduction was
observed. There was initial protest over EM / AEM use from some
forensic doctors, but after observing the smell reduction, all protests
EM Kyusei knows that a more concentrated solution would have more
effect. However, the initial problem is bringing EM into some of the
inaccessible areas. At the request of the Red Cross, EM Kyusei provided
5 tons of EM on Jan 4. EM Kyusei staff brought the EM on land and with
10 staff members who are continuing work with volunteers as of this
Photos of the Effective Microorganisms® Effort:
In line with these issues, herewith are some practical suggestions
the application of EM® Technology for the rescue and remediation efforts
in the disaster struck areas. It must be noted that these are temporary
As the waves swept inland, many freshwater sources and soil areas have
been mixed with the water from the ocean. This has left many farms such
as rice paddies or shrimp ponds with extreme salinity. In order to
reduce the salinity of the food production areas, the following are
Spray with EM® Activated Solution: The EM® microbes can absorb and
store in their bodies the minerals brought in by the seawater and kept
in the soil. The minimum recommended application is EM® Activated
Solution diluted 1,000 times sprayed at 1 L/m2 at least once a week. If
possible, it is also recommended to spread bokashi to the food
production point (that is, farms or garden plots) to help the EM® and
other local beneficial microbes increase
in the area and hence reduce
more quickly the salinity in the soil.
For Rice Paddies and Shrimp Ponds:
- Apply bokashi as suggested in the APNAN guidelines for land
- Plant rice. This crop has a high salinity absorbing capability. It
expected that one cycle can help decrease significantly the salinity in
- Change water regularly as the usual practice in growing rice.
- In the case of areas where there is no water (as in a paddy), wheat,
barley, etc. can be planted since these crops have high salinity absorbing capability.
Watermelons and Melons could be planted.
Application of bokashi as suggested in the APNAN guidelines should be
Foul Odor Control:
There is much foul odor emanating from the decaying bodies. Spraying of
EMAS, preferably at a dilution rate of 1:30-50 is suggested. For an
area in general, spraying twice a day is also recommended to help
reduce the chance of the spread of infectious diseases.
for general use (not for drinking)
For Drinking Water:
Many military engineering corps have their own drinking water
conversion and treatment systems. It would be much quicker to use such
systems to obtain drinking water. Commercially available treatment
systems are also available, such as reverse osmosis systems with 5
filter layer systems and can only filter about 550L per day and costs
about 70,000 baht per unit (in the case of Japanese brands in Japan).
Nonetheless, a simple filter system can be made as follows:
Making a Simple Filter
If need be, a combination of
Items 3 & 4 can also be recommended.
Obtaining water from open water sources,
such as rivers, other freshwater / brackish water sources.
Obtaining water from open water sources, such as
rivers and other freshwater bodies (for general purposes, not for
For Making of EMAS:
It is preferable to use clean/drinking quality water for making
EMAS. However, in case it is difficult to obtain clean water, brackish
water can be used. In the case brackish water supply is limited,
brackish water (50%) and sea water (50%) can be used. The use of 100%
seawater is not advised.
For Malaria Control in Freshwater Bodies:
It is possible for malaria and other waterborne diseases to break
from unclean freshwater sources. As countermeasure, the following are
- Spray EMAS - Initial application: 1:2000 of water volume - Next
applications: 1:5,000-10,000 of water volume
- Apply mud balls
(not bokashi balls) into the ponds at a rate of 1 pc/m2
It is expected that mosquito incidence will decrease significantly
and larvae cannot develop.
- Toilets: In the case of makeshift toilets, EMAS can be sprayed for
foul odor control and suppression of pathogenic microbes.
- Bath/shower alternative: Mix at least 1% of EMAS or EM•1® to water.
Wet a hand
towel and apply to the body. If 1% of EMAS is not effective, a more
concentrated EMAS dilution, (up to 10%) is recommended. It must be
noted too that the body of some people may initially react to the EMAS
application. Itchiness, redness of the skin may be experienced. If it
is too much to bear, it is recommended that the person stop this
Collected rainwater may be
used for general purpose as well as for drinking.