1. Fill an airtight bucket with food waste and layer with EM-1 Bokashi bran
Collecting food waste is standard in any food composting method, but in the bokashi method, it’s important to use an airtight recycling bin. The Bokashi method relies on fermentation to break down food waste, so keeping oxygen away from the organic matter is crucial. It’s also important to layer or coat your scraps with EM-1 Bokashi bran. EM-1 Bokashi bran is a mixture of organic rice bran, molasses, Super Cera, and EM-1 which will aid in the breakdown of food scraps through fermentation. You can also make your own personal mix using this Bokashi recipe.
One thing to remember is that if you’re fermentation bucket doesn’t have a spigot to drain liquid, you should layer the bottom of the bucket with an inch of EM-1 Bokashi bran to capture all the liquid that will build up.
2. Let the bucket sit for 1-2 weeks
Fermentation is an anaerobic process that starts the breakdown of food waste (the sugars are being eaten by the microbes) and causes it to pickle, leaving behind scraps that are perfect for amending soils. Unlike traditional composting that requires churning and monitoring for green to brown ratios, there’s not much you have to do during the Bokashi compost process.
If you have a Bokashi bucket with a spigot, drain the fluid from the bottom of the bucket every other day or so. You can use this liquid as a fertilizer for any of your indoor or outdoor plants, and all it takes is one teaspoon per gallon of water. If you are using a bucket without any drains, you don’t have anything you need to do.
3. Choose how to use your Bokashi compost
After a week or two of fermentation, your Bokashi is ready to use. You have some options with how to use the end product.
- Add the waste to a compost pile: Burying your bokashi mix in a compost pile will actually speed up the breakdown of your compost.
- Bury the waste: Bury the waste in the soil of your garden and cover with 8-12 inches of soil, where it will break down into rich soil for your garden.
- Feed your worms: This compost is full of live bacteria, which is also great for adding to a worm farm to feed worms.
- Feed your livestock: Bokashi food waste is filled with microbes, vitamins, and amino acids that are incredibly nutritious for livestock.