What is EM-1?
EM-1® is a liquid product containing Yeast, Photosynthetic Bacteria and Lactic Acid Bacteria. EM-1 has been used in all kinds of agricultural applications with excellent results.
When used on a tomato farm in Chile it reduced tomato plant disease and increased yield, quality and taste. Used on pasture, it increased growth and allowed more cuts throughout the growing season. Applied to roses, the flowers grew 1-2 weeks faster with bigger blooms.
With spiraling costs for fertilizer, it has never been more important for farmers to understand the savings they can make by harnessing the power of microbes. Fertilizer costs have gone up by over 30% in 2022, following an increase of 80% in 2021.
Conventional microbiology has been ineffective at recognizing the importance of microbes to soil fertility. In conventional microbiology, scientists take soil samples and bring them back to the laboratory for analysis. This isolates the soil from the environment and means there are as little as 0.1% of the original microorganisms present.
Dr. Higa showed how introducing microbes into the soil, along with high-quality organic matter, encourages the microbes to synergize with existing bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes in the soil.
As the organic matter decomposes, it releases organic acids (nucleic acid, citric acids, amino acids, lactic acids), ethers, alcohols, aldehydes, bioactive substances (vitamins, enzymes, hormones), and sugars into the soil. The microorganisms also accelerate the chelation of salts.
The Effective Microorganisms in EM-1 helps to restore the balance and diversity needed for fertile soil. It improves seed germination and root development.
EM-1 increases nutrient availability by making nutrients more bioavailable. Using EM-1 improves plant size, color and size. It also accelerates the conversion of organic matter into soil humus.
Continuing to use a product like EM-1 can built the soil up to a level where it becomes ‘fertile or fermentation soil’ which happily absorbs all organic matter.
Increasing the level even further sees the proliferation of bacteria which aids photosynthesis and raises nitrogen level. It encourages microorganisms which dissolve inorganic nutrients like phosphorus.
Dr. Higa says that when you compare crops grown in soil using chemical fertilizers with soil using EM-1, the first crop will show only a slightly positive difference. But the third crop will be much better in the EM-1 soil. By the third rotation, the soil depending on chemical fertilizers will have become poor.
Given that soil in farmland is used continuously, the long-term benefits of EM is essential for soil fertility.