In this section we are providing you with several of the most common application solutions with EM-1® Microbial Inoculant and EM-1® Waste Treatment for livestock operations including odors and problems associated with foul odors, manure management, and lagoon management.
A great benefit with EM-1® is that it is not specific to a type of animal. If you are raising hogs, the benefits you are looking for will be slightly different than someone that is growing chickens, however, the effect on ammonia is the same and the application rate is about the same as well. This means, if you are raising mink, sheep or goats, horses, or any number of animal, you can follow the guidelines we give you here in this section.
Please visit EMRO Japan's website, to find studies from over 100 countries using Dr. Higa's Original EM-1® products on virtually any animal that is commercially raised.
Activated EM-1® (AEM-1®) is loaded with antioxidants which help prevent rust and other corrosion on equipment, eliminate odors, and clean water. Using it regularly in animal exhibits will keep the equipment clean and odor and rust-free. Zoos can benefit from various application points with AEM-1®. Here are a few quick tips:
Animal Exhibits Odor Control
- Cages: 2 ounces AEM-1® per gallon of water. Spray minimum of 3 times per week.
- Water Clarity in Tanks/Aquariums: 1 part of AEM-1® per 10,000 parts water as a monthly maintenance.
- Manure: Gather manure and bring to area to compost (see landscaping section).
- Food wastes: Ferment using EM-1® Bokashi and pickling in airtight containers for 2 weeks. The materials can then be added to worm bins, fed to animals, added to compost piles, or buried in the ground.
- Kitchens: Mix a 50/50 solution of AEM-1® and non-antibacterial soap. This solution can be mixed in water for washing counters, floors, walls, windows, refrigeration units, stoves, and carpets. Dump solution down drain to add more microbes to the system.
- Grease traps: Pour product down a common drain at a rate of 1 quart AEM-1® per 1,000 gallons holding capacity per week.
- Septic systems: Pour product down a common drain at a rate of 1 quart AEM-1® per 1,000 gallons holding capacity per week.
- Drains: Treat by pouring ¼ cup AEM-1® per main drain 2-3 times per week to eliminate back odors and keep drains flowing without backups.
Landscaping & Operations
- Plantings: Inject AEM-1® into irrigation system at a rate of 5 gallons per acre. This can be done 4-8 times a year depending on climate.
- Manures and Compost: As loading manure into compost pile, spray with a 4-ounce/gallon mixture of AEM-1® and water. Mound and cover with a tarp. Turn pile once per week for 4-6 weeks. There should be no ammonia or sulfur smells. As weeds sprout, turn them in.
- Pile should be ready to use as mulch in 6 weeks. Or, the materials can be buried (be sure to cover with 8 or more inches of soil to keep weeds from sprouting) in trenches after 4 weeks.
- Water Features: 32oz AEM-1® per 10,000 gallons of water per week to keep water clear and odor-free.
- Clinic: Spray down floors and cages, wash counters and tables, windows, etc., with a solution of 1-3 ounces AEM-1® per gallon of water. Mop floors with ½ cup AEM-1® in mop water.
- Litter: Use a 50/50 mix of EM-1® Bokashi and litter or 100% EM-1® Bokashi for litter. If 100%, the litter can be used as a mulch and fertilizer for ornamental plantings by landscaping department.
- Restrooms: AEM-1® can be used to keep all bathrooms clean and odor-free. Mix ½ cup in mop bucket water for washing floors, stalls, tiled surfaces, windows and mirrors.
- General Purpose Cleaning: Mix a 50/50 solution of AEM-1®and non-antibacterial soap. This solution can be mixed in water for washing counters, floors, walls, windows, and carpets.
- Indoor Plants: Use ¼ oz of AEM-1® per gallon of water to wash plants. Use 1 teaspoon AEM-1® per gallon of water to water plants.
Effective Microorganisms® has a long history of use in livestock operations. It can be used for odor control, for lagoon and solid waste management (bokashi or compost), and for crops. Virtually every type of animal raised in a commercial farm has been treated with EM at one time or another. There are studies on cattle, hogs, chickens, ducks, turkeys, all sorts of aquatic animals, even turtles, elephants and hippos (see the information on zoos)!
For large commercial operations we sell ready-to-use products that are only available through salespeople or by calling us directly (866-369-3678). These formulations are available for specific operations by animal type: hogs, horses, poultry, dairy, etc. Suggested programs are broken down in the categories above.
Sizes available for these operations are 55-gallon barrel, 275-gallon tote, or via tanker delivery. Please call for rate quotes.
Effectively Controlling Layer Ammonia with EM Technology®
Introduced in 1982, EM Technology® is widely used in over 120 countries in all forms of agriculture and livestock management to clean water, control odor, manage wastes, and promote healthier animals. One of the most common animals it has been used with is chickens.
- Reduce levels of harmful pathogens
- Reduce ammonia levels
- Prevent corrosion
EM Technology® is offered as a liquid microbial product including several strains of naturally-occurring microbes from three groups: Yeast, Photosynthetic Bacteria, and Lactic Acid Bacteria. EM Technology® contains dozens of enzymes (including lipase, protease, and cellulase), trace minerals, amino acids, and vitamins (including B1, B2, B6, B9, and B12) that help it establish a pleasant environment with safer levels of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide. It helps control pathogens by competitive exclusion, controls and reduces odors in livestock operations.
Optimal health of the poultry operation is achieved when EM Technology® is applied from the time young chicklets arrive from the hatchery, until the day they leave. TeraGanix offers two solutions, Lt1000™, and Wt1000™ to help maintain healthy poultry operations.
Cleaning The House With Lt1000™
Wash down entire house with a solution of APC500™, using 1oz per gallon of water.
Apply Lt1000™ through a misting or fogging system to control the odors in the poultry houses.
Setting up a fogger would be ideal to run constantly to suppress ammonia. That would be at a 1:100 solution. Set on a timer to alternate sprays at 3-5 minute intervals and run for 30 seconds to 1 minute. The fogger would cycle longer in the winter when there is less ventilating and less in the summer when there is more ventilating.
Prior to Placement of Birds
(Follow instructions below as often as possible to keep area clean as possible):
- Use Lt1000™ to clean poultry housing and cages.
- Spray & wash all surfaces of poultry housing with a diluted solution of Lt1000™ in water at a 1:500 ratio.
- Allow to air dry.
- Total Lt1000™ per house will vary by size of the house and the age of the litter.
Some laying operations have manure pits where the droppings are scraped and and dumped into a pit.
- Calculate the size of the pit in either tons or volume of liquid.
- Divide that number by 2 if by tons or by 1000 if by liquid.
- Apply that number of gallons of Wt1000 per month directly into pit to control odors and digest wastes.
Some laying operations also have lagoons. Lagoons are inoculated at a rate of 1 part Wt1000 to 10,000 parts waste water on a monthly basis (100 gallons per million gallons).
Wt1000™ can be applied simply by pouring into the lagoon once per month. Some operations choose to set up dosing pumps and run in the effluent from the facility. Either way works.
There is no need to agitate the lagoon, unless it is pretty full of solids. If this is the case, increase dosage to three or four times per month to digest solids.
Please call us for pricing and availability.
Horses are very inefficient eaters. As such, they produce lots of manure and very strong urine. EM•1® Waste Treatment provides a simple and affordable solution to controlling the odors. You can apply it on floors, walls, ceilings, and even wash the animals with it. Manure can be composted quickly as well and put back into the fields where the horses are grazed. Here are some of the basic applications:
Clean the Barn and Stalls:
Spray & wash all surfaces of the barn with a diluted solution of Eq300™ and water at 1:50, every 7 to 10 days
Spray or top-dress Eq300™ onto bedding. The minimum amount of Eq300™ to be used should be at 0.001 gallon per square foot (1 gallon per 1,000 square feet) of barn. This calculated amount should be diluted in just enough water to cover floors adequately.
Total Eq300™ per barn will vary on the size of the barn and the age of the bedding and manure.
To increase the benefits of the odor control, it would be advisable to ferment the bedding at least two weeks prior to use, essentially making it into Bokashi.
Alternatively, you can add bokashi to the bedding as a top dressing.
Add 1.5 gallons Eq300™ per ton of fresh manure and compost as normal, following normal moisture and turning instructions.
Clean the trough thoroughly and fill with fresh water. Add an EM Beverage Stone® and let the water begin to structure. The water will stay cleaner longer and quench the animals' thirst much better. Add 1 part Eq300™ for every 2,000 parts water. This can be injected through a float valve.
Add to Feed:
Add 1 gallon of Eq300™ per 1,000lbs feed to help with digestion.
For further reading, we also suggest a book written by Ernst Hammes: Healthy Horses: Horse Care with Effective Micro-organisms. It is finally available through Amazon.com. This book has quite a bit of practical information for the horse owner.
Spraying of Ca300™ will eliminate odor almost instantly. The rates at which Ca300™ is applied will determine how long the effects will last. If odors haven't been eliminated at first, reapply at a greater rate and/or more often to establish beneficial microbial populations.
Dairy Cattle Foot Baths:
Apply 1 ounce Fb300™ per gallon of water in foot bath. Do not use copper sulfate as this will kill the beneficial microbes in Fb300™.
Methods for Barns, Sheds, Loafing Area Odor Control:
- Spray Ca300™ on all surfaces (floors, walls, and ceiling). The bedding area and all manure should be sprayed.
- Applications should be done at least 2 times per week. For a guideline, apply about 1 quart of Ca300™ diluted with 50 parts water per square yard of the barn.
- If misting/fogging systems are in place, inject Ca300™ at a rate of 1:1,000 on a continuous basis.
Add 1 gallon of Ca300™ per 1,000lbs of feed and mix in tub grinder. For better effects, use same amount when mixing silage. This will improve feed conversions and milk production.
Methods for Milking Parlor:
- Clean the parlor floors and equipment with APC500™, our organic cleaning product.
- The effluent will be pre-treated with microbes in APC500™, preventing odor production and assist in waste treatment and manure odor control.
- Inoculate fresh manure with 2 gallons Ag1000® Organic per ton of manure.
- Follow standard composting methods of turning and heat, turning roughly 18-20 times with a turner (not a bucket loader) over the course of 40-45 days.
- Compost will be biologically mature and stable, ready for planting at 45 days, no curing is needed.
- Spread compost on fields at rate of 5 tons per acre yearly to replace most, or all, of fertilizer needs. You may also sell as compost.
Methods for Applications on Pasture:
- Apply Ag1000® by spraying at a rate of 5 gallons per acre per application 4 to 5 times a year. Or run through an irrigation system on a weekly basis.
- Areas that have high humidity only need to apply 4 times per year as the microbes tend to do well in that type of environment. Areas of low humidity should apply at 5 times per year.
Periodically wash the animals with a solution of APC500™ at one ounce per gallon of water (1:128). This is good for the animals' hides and skin. This will also help loosen any dirt that is stuck to their fur.
Effectively Controlling Hog Odors with EM Technology®
Introduced in 1982, EM Technology® is widely used in over 120 countries in all forms of agriculture and livestock management to clean water, control odor, manage wastes, and promote healthier animals.
- Reduce levels of harmful pathogens
- Reduce hydrogen sulfide levels
- Prevent corrosion
EM Technology® is offered as a liquid microbial product including several strains of naturally-occurring microbes from three groups: Yeast, Photosynthetic Bacteria, and Lactic Acid Bacteria. EM Technology® contains dozens of enzymes (including lipase, protease, and cellulase), trace minerals, amino acids, and vitamins (including B1, B2, B6, B9, and B12) that help it establish a pleasant environment with safer levels of hydrogen sulfide.
Optimal health of the swine operation is achieved when EM Technology® is applied from the time young piglets arrive, until the day they leave.
Users of Sw300™ can achieve hydrogen sulfide levels as low as 0ppm (average 5-6ppm) in and around the barn. Hydrogen sulfide mainly comes from the manure pits below the animals. It is also in the gas animals pass. Sw300™ has active biology that resists putrefaction, prevents noxious odors, and controls pathogen growth.
The method below is for all ages of swine. Sw300™ can be applied through a misting or fogging system to control the odors in the swine barns.
Applications for best results:
- Use APC500™ to clean the barns: floors, walls & ceilings.
- Pour Wt1000™ into manure pits at a 1:5000 ratio each time the pits are flushed.
- Add Sw300™ into drinking water at a rate of 1:2,000.
- Lagoons may be treated one time per month with a 100 gallons per million gallons of capacity to digest solids and control odors.
- Setting up a fogger would be ideal to run constantly to suppress hydrogen sulfide. This could be done at a 1:100 solution. Set on a timer to alternate sprays at 3-5 minute intervals and run for 30 seconds to 1 minute. The fogger would cycle longer in the winter when there is less ventilating and less in the summer when there is more ventilating.
Please call us for pricing and availability.
For small farms or backyard animals, we recommend purchasing EM-1 and making your own Activated EM-1. For large commercial farms we do offer ready-to-use version in bulk quantities starting in 55-gallon barrels. (Please call for pricing and shipping costs as freight is quoted based on weight and the delivery location).
Spraying of Activated EM-1® will eliminate odor almost instantly. The rates at which Activated EM-1® is applied will determine how long the effects will last. If odors haven't been eliminated at first, reapply at a greater rate and/or more often to establish beneficial microbial populations.
Methods for Barns, Sheds, Loafing Area Odor Control:
- Spray Activated EM-1® on all surfaces (floors, walls, and ceiling). The bedding area and all manure should be sprayed.
- Applications should be done at least 3 times per week. For a guideline, apply about 1 quart of Activated EM-1® diluted with 50 parts water per square yard of the barn.
- If misting/fogging systems are in place, inject Activated EM-1® at a rate of 1:1000 on a continuous basis.
- If your facility has a misting/fogging system in place for cooling, Activated EM-1® can be added into the water at a ratio of 1 part AEM-1® per 1,000 gallons of water. For best results, run the solution on a timer that cycles for 10 seconds every hour when the building is open (summer) and 10 seconds every 30 minutes when the building is closed (winter).
- Prior to running the AEM-1®, flush the lines to clean out any gunk as nozzles may plug.
EM-1 ® Microbial Inoculant is a concentrate that can be used directly from the container or multiplied in volume through a fermentation process we call "activation." Activated EM-1® application rates are the same as EM-1®–there is no difference in efficiency. However, once EM-1® is activated, there is a dramatic reduction in shelf life of the product. (It should be used up within 30-45 days after the drop in pH for optimal microbial activity.)
Some lagoons are in pretty good condition and just need a maintenance dose of Wt1000™. These would have a liquid surface and often reflect a purple color on the surface. These lagoons smell like very rich soil and do not emit foul odors. Other lagoons may need a more aggressive treatment plan (see bottom chart). These application rates can be used for manure pits, which are often found in hog barns, as well.
Methods for management of healthy lagoons:
|Wt1000™ 1st Application||Wt1000™ Next 4 Weeks
(Once Per Week)
(Once Per Month)
|5,000-10,000||3 Gallons||1 Quart||1 Quart|
|10,001-50,000||4 Gallons||2 Quarts||2 Quarts|
|50,001-100,000||5 Gallons||3 Quarts||3 Quarts|
|100,001-300,001||6 Gallons||1 Gallon||1 Gallon|
|300,001-500,000||7 Gallons||1 1/2 Gallons||1 1/2 Gallons|
|500,001-1,000,000||10 Gallons||2 Gallons||2 Gallons|
|1,000,001-1,500,000||15 Gallons||3 Gallons||3 Gallons|
Aggressive plan for a lagoon: If the lagoon has a crust and/or a large volume of sludge, continue application until some level of clarity is seen. It would be wise to measure sludge levels to set a point of comfort level as to when to decrease application rates to a maintenance dose.
|Wt1000™ 1st Application||Wt1000™ Next 8-10 Weeks
(Once Every Other Week Until Clean)
(Once Per Month Or Once Per Flush)
|100,001-300,001||10 -30 Gallons||10-30 Gallons||10-30 Gallons|
|300,001-500,000||30-50 Gallons||30-50 Gallons||30-50 Gallons|
|500,001-1,000,000||50-100 Gallons||50-100 Gallons||50-100 Gallons|
|1 Million||100 Gallons||100 Gallons||100 Gallons|
|5 Million||500 Gallons||500 Gallons||500 Gallons|
|10 Million||1,000 Gallons||1,000 Gallons||1,000 Gallons|