Ways to Increase Beneficial Microbes in the Soil
You can increase the microbes in the soil by:
Adding Compost to the Farm
Microorganisms depend on carbon as their main energy source. The beneficial microbes can get enough carbon when the soil has adequate organic matter. You can boost this by adding more compost to your farm.
The compost will also provide the microbes with enough nutrients to help them multiply. You can add or make homemade compost by mixing the necessary components to boost the plant's growth.
You should also consider mulching. Mulching helps maintain favorable temperatures in the soil for the microorganisms to grow. It also retains the moisture content of the soil, which promotes microbes' multiplication. Put leaves or pine needles on your farm to keep the soil cool. More microbores will be active around the plant's roots when the leaves decompose.
Plant Cover Crops
You can also plant more cover crops in your garden to increase the microbes. The cover crops will provide a breeding ground for the microbes. It will also help provide food for the microbes through their roots.
The roots of the cover crops produce amino acids and simple sugars. When the cover crops decompose, they provide carbon and nitrogen for the microbes.
Water the Soil
Another way to help the microbes grow is by watering the soil frequently. Water will help create a favorable temperature for the microorganisms. Moist soil also allows the microbes to thrive and multiply. However, dry conditions and high temperatures kill the microbes faster.
Tilling the land causes disturbance to the soil and the microorganisms. It also affects the soil structure where these organisms stay. To enable the organic matter to increase, ensure that you till only when necessary. For example, you can remove the weeds with your hands instead of using a hoe.
Don't Use Pesticides
Pesticides or herbicides can kill the microorganisms in the soil. The harmful chemicals also kill other beneficial components that help the microbes multiply. So, it’s advisable to use organic methods to kill pests. Also, use organic manure, which doesn't encourage the spread of pests and diseases. Remember, microorganisms have an enzyme that prevents pest and disease invasion.
Use EM-1 Microbial Inoculant
You can also use EM-1 Microbial Inoculant to increase the soil microbes. It converts organic matter to humus, improving soil fertility. EM-1 microbial soil conditioner also improves the soil structure, resulting in good drainage and soil aeration.
It also increases polysaccharide production, which helps energize the microbes. The plants also benefit from enzymes and organic acids.